From Bourbons to Digestives: how biscuits got their names
What is a biscuit?
Biscuits are mostly sweet, small enough to be eaten with a hand, crisp (with the exception of cookies or macaroons), and consumed as a snack or treat rather than a full meal. They are not to be confused with cake: this will harden as it gets stale, whereas an ageing biscuit will go soft!
The name biscuit comes from the Latin “biscoctum”, meaning “twice cooked.” Bread was cooked twice to extract all its moisture and then, once hard, it would stay fit for consumption for months on end. The biscuit was born.
The 19th century marked a big moment for the biscuit. The endeavors of the Industrial Revolution caused breakfast to be earlier and dinner to move much later. This meant that teatime and snacking came to greater prominence.
By the First World War the sweet biscuit had become the first truly global convenience food.Read More